The budget deficit issue has attracted a great deal of attention over the past two decades, as reflected in substantial in the academic literature and in the policy making community. Moreover, the budget deficit and related issues has become a major problem facing the Iranian economy.The aim of this book has been to achieve two main objectives. First to review some of the main trends in the Iranian economy during 1963-2002 and focus on the evolution of main macroeconomic variables related to fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policy in Iran with consideration of political factors such as oil shocks, revolution, war and other factors.Second to develop a dynamic macroeconomic model to measure the impact of budget deficit, liquidity (M2), official exchange rate, and political factors on the price level in Iran over the period of investigation. It is now generally accepted that economic agents, private and public alike monitor closely the evolution of prices in the economy, in order to make decisions that allow them to optimize the use of their resources.The analysis of this book will be useful to all of them.
Building a strong relationship with the CFO is essential for superintendents seeking to build sustainable educational programs for all students. Benzel and Hoover use their CFO and superintendent experience to identify what future leaders in both roles need to know and be able to do with respect to fiscal leadership and improved student learning. This book examines how a focus on student achievement must be central to fiscal planning. The authors discuss the role values play in forming the leadership team, how to create a climate for success through collaborative strategies. They also examine ways to build systems strength to cope with uncertainty in fiscal planning. Using this leadership base, they outline the key management elements that must be in place to assure sound fiscal practices that monitor fiscal status and manage cash flow to mitigate uncertainty. Benchmarks for organizational success enhance communication with governing boards, internal audiences and taxpayers. This book provides leaders with an outline of what do during every quarter of the fiscal year to exercise effective fiscal and educational leadership.
Take control of your organization&#8242;s short- and long-term financial plan Now fully revised, Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management, Second Edition, offers a financial planning system that is not only easy to use and monitor, but also ensures true fiscal accountability in the complex not-for-profit arena.
Financial statements hold the key to a company's fiscal health--so learn to read them! In order to gauge a company's health--as well as the competition's--managers must know how to properly read and understand financial statements. The Business Owner's Guide to Reading and Understanding Financial Statements will introduce managers and business owners to various types of financial statements and explain why they are important. Serving as a desktop reference, especially for managers without a strong background in finance, this book will discuss the difference between internal and external financial statements and explain how they can be used for financial decision-making in order to avoid common missteps. Whether you're planning for major capital projects or simply managing the fiscal aspects of your department, this nontechnical, results-driven guide will arm you with the fundamentals to: * Understand the budget process and why it is important * Manage assets and track inventory * Gauge profitability * Monitor success throughout the year using internal reporting * Set prices and make key cost decisions Financial statements are essential to determining a company's fiscal health. Understand where your company stands so that you can make informed decisions about its future.
Like top-notch athletes, corporations need to stay in fighting shape to compete. And assessing the fitness-both functionally and financially-of every corporate operation and activity is the role played by the benchmarking process. Not simply a detailed company physical that isolates operational weaknesses and fiscal bloat, when effectively implemented, benchmarking also represents the cure-a set of best practice guidelines for maximizing performance, guiding the company toward corporate health, while cleaning up operating inefficiencies and financial waste. Written by a leading benchmarking authority, Benchmarking Strategies is a state-of-the-art how-to manual for transforming your organization into a lean, optimally performing endurance runner-no matter what sort of shape your company is in now. In a practical, user-friendly format, Reider helps you identify just what sort of businesses your company is in (and not in), develop a set of benchmarks and basic business principles as part of a corporate strategic plan, identify areas or functions that need improvement, implement best practices in a companywide program of continuous improvement, and develop performance measures to chart genuine gains as a learning organization. A best practice is defined not simply as an operational change that is cost effective, but one that moves the company toward fulfilling the expectations of its stakeholders (from boards of directors, CEOs, and frontline employees to vendors and customers). The book then offers a practical vision of achievable excellence in which every activity affects every other and every employee and department is a shaper of corporate destiny. In clear, practical language, Benchmarking Strategies de-cants the often unwieldy theory behind corporate improvement into expert advice on: * Benchmarking principles, techniques, and implementation * Identifying your company's basic operational principles * Benchmarks for organizational growth-including cost reductions, price and sales volume increases, and new distribution channels * Strategies for gaining competitive advantage-not just meeting your competition but surpassing them * How effective benchmarking encompasses both internal and external needs Offering the insight, wisdom, and hard-nosed realism of a seasoned coach, Benchmarking Strategies is the essential manual to making excellence an ongoing reality in every corner of your firm and to transforming a good organization into a world-class competitor. Find out how operationally and financially fit your company really is . . .and the secret to transforming it into a tough competitor if it isn't. Both the diagnosis and the cure for an out-of-shape organization, benchmarking is one of the most effective regimens available for transforming any company into an optimally functioning, world-class performer. Used in a program of continuous improvement, benchmarking is a process that allows a company to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of each of its activities and operations and put in place a set of best practices designed to move the company toward improved performance and profits. And Benchmarking Strategies shows you exactly how. Written by one of its leading experts, Benchmarking Strategies is a practical manual to benchmarking principles, techniques, and implementation, outlining just how to set up benchmarking criteria, monitor overall progress-while fulfilling the expectations of the company's various stakeholders. Inside, you'll find expert guidance on: * Developing benchmarks and basic business principles for your company as part of a detailed corporate strategic plan. * Identifying internal operational areas or functions to benchmark and establishing best practice target triggers for building internal excellence in Using external benchmarks to compare your company to competitors, industry, and best-in-class functions to become the best you can be.
The budget deficit issue has attracted a great deal of attention over the past two decades, as reflected in substantial in the academic literature and in the policy making community. Moreover, the budget deficit and related issues has become a major problem facing the Iranian economy.The aim of this book has been to achieve two main objectives. First to review some of the main trends in the Iranian economy during 1963-2002 and focus on the evolution of main macroeconomic variables related to fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policy in Iran with consideration of political factors such as oil shocks, revolution, war and other factors. Second to develop a dynamic macroeconomic model to measure the impact of budget deficit, liquidity (M2), official exchange rate, and political factors on the price level in Iran over the period of investigation .It is now generally accepted that economic agents, private and public alike monitor closely the evolution of prices in the economy, in order to make decisions that allow them to optimize the use of their resources.The analysis of this book will be useful to all of them.
Take control of your organization's short- and long-term financial plan Now fully revised, Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management, Second Edition, offers a financial planning system that is not only easy to use and monitor, but also ensures true fiscal accountability in the complex not-for-profit arena. Adds three entirely new chapters on Footnoting the Statement of Activity, Presenting Cash Prepared and Accrual Statements on the same page, and The Importance of the Executive Summary Fully updated with the latest financial advice to benefit your nonprofit Explains how to separate controllable, semi-controllable, and fixed expenses Reveals how you can prepare and present such top-notch budget documents that budgets will be approved the first time Written in a nontechnical, understandable format, incorporating dozens of relevant forms and documents, this completely revised and expanded edition will enable your nonprofit organization to create and manage reasonable financial plans that fit their organization's needs.
In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis, there have been many criticisms weighed against private credit rating agencies. Many claim they only exacerbate financial market volatility by issuing faulty public statements, ratings warnings, and downgrades. This instability increases the uncertainty in business environments and weakens the pace of business investment. Their rating changes also prompt national governments to reduce their spending at a time when fiscal expenditures are crucial for economic recovery. Public Credit Rating Agencies argues for the creation of national public credit rating agencies, offering the first in-depth discussion of their implied role and function operating alongside private agencies. Schroeder provides an up-to-date overview of the ratings industry and the government bodies that monitor its activities. She suggests that the proper implementation of public credit rating agencies will promote the stability of lending, further development and adaptation of new technology, and increase labor productivity and the profitability of new investment in businesses. Finally, this book clarifies the inconsistencies that have surfaced between public budgeting and a rating agency's evaluation of national budgets.